Journal Entries
Every weekday you will find a journal entry here from someone different in our church family. 
 
Click the scripture title and scroll down to see a comments section where you can ask questions, share insights and post your own SOUL Journal entry for the day!
 

1 Samuel_18

Scripture 

1 Samuel 18:23

But David said, “Do you think it is a small matter to become the king’s son-in-law? I’m only a poor man and little known.”

Observation – What does it say?

Saul intended to give David his daughter in marriage, and ordered his attendants to encourage David to marry her. However, David was hesitant. Not because she was ugly or annoying, but because he didn’t feel worthy of marrying royalty.

Understanding – What does it mean?

God exalts the humble.

David amazes me! He had killed Goliath and in turn saved a nation, the people sang songs about him, exalting him above the king, he led troops into battle and was victorious every time, everyone loved him (except Saul), he succeeded at everything he did (see 1 Samuel 18:14) and the princess was in love with him.

With all this, how did David not get prideful? He was the man! Most men in his position would not hesitate to marry her. In all their success most men would feel entitled to have whoever they wanted, and probably be eyeing the throne as well. But not David. He experienced time and again the truth of Jesus’ words, long before they were uttered:

Matthew 23:12 …those who humble themselves will be exalted.

The only way David could respond that way to Saul’s attendants, after experiencing so much fame and success, is because he recognized that God was behind it all. It wasn’t his gifts, strengths, talents or wisdom that led to his exalting. He approached every challenge the same way he approached Goliath, in the name of the Lord. And when he succeeded he gave the glory to God. 

Life Application

Be humble! Recognize anything good that has come from me or through me has been 100% initiated and carried out by God.

God is moving in our church. He is going to be using you and me in more and more ways and will increase our influence and favor. He is with us, as he was with David, and so we can expect to find success at the things we’re putting our hands to. After every victory, every success, every compliment, it’s so important that the next time we are alone with God, we get on our knees and give God the glory for all of it.

– Levi Thompson 



1 Samuel_17

Scripture
 
‭‭1 Samuel‬ ‭17:26‬b
 
“Who is this pagan Philistine anyway, that he is allowed to defy the armies of the living God?”
 
Observation-What does it say?
 
The Philistines and Israelite armies are all about ready to wage war. As both armies face off, the Philistines bring out their “secret weapon” and send him in front of the ranks. His name was Goliath. He stood over 9 feet tall, wore bronze armor that weighed 125 pounds, and carried a spear (in which the tip of it was made of iron and weighed 15 pounds alone)! This was an enormous warrior! Goliath hurled taunts against the Israelite army. He challenged them to bring their best fighter to face him. If they were able to defeat him, the Philistines would be their slaves. If Goliath won, the Israelites would be the Philistines’ slaves. When Saul and the Israelites heard this, they were terrified.
 
Enter the lowly shepherd boy David. David was on the battlefronts one day to deliver supplies to his brothers who were serving in Saul’s army. David then heard Goliath hurling insults at the Israelite army, defying them and their God. This grabbed David’s attention. Who does this guy think he is to defy the God of Israel?! Game on!!! David volunteered to fight this giant. He had to convince Saul for a minute, but Saul eventually let David face Goliath. And the rest, (we all know the results) is history.
 
Understanding-What does it mean?
 
Nothing is too big or scary for God to defeat!
 
Anyone who knows me knows that I love sports and comic book stories. That is why this passage never gets old for me. It’s something straight out of the comic books! A big, scary bad guy who defies what is good, versus the noble hero who stands up for what is right and what he believes in; Or the undefeated team who goes through the whole sports season unscathed and unchallenged facing off against a team that barely got in the playoffs. It’s what they call David vs. Goliath. This Bible story lives on today! Everyone loves seeing the good guy beat the bad guy, or the underdog defeat the favorite in sports. But what makes this story so special is the faith that David had in God. When everyone around him saw a scary monster raised to be a warrior from birth standing in their way, David saw the God of the universe, the Almighty One, the God of Israel, who was on their side. David may have only been a shepherd boy. He may not have had any fighting skills, but what he did have was a God who would protect him, protect His people, and destroy anyone who defied Him.
 
“So what should we say about this? If God is for us, no one can stand against us. And God is with us.”-Romans‬ ‭8:31‬ ‭ERV
 
Life Application
 
Is there a “Goliath” in your life that needs to be defeated? Lean on God’s power and might.
 
Everyone has something in their life that they feel is way too big to overcome or impossible to defeat. Maybe it’s financial struggles, health issues, or just something you’ve been praying for that you haven’t seen answered yet. Whatever the case may be, just know that God is in control. The God of the universe knows what you’re going through and wants to help you through it. The question is, are you willing to put your complete trust in Him? Just knowing that God loves His children, and is always faithful to keep His promises is enough for me to stand firm in Him. And if I begin to forget, go back to His Word and see what God did for those who remained faithful to Him. It worked for Abraham. It worked for Joseph. It worked for David. And I know it will work for me! 😊
 
“And we know that in all things God works for the good of those who love him, who are have been called according to his purpose.”
‭‭Romans‬ ‭8:28‬ ‭NIV‬‬ 
 
-Moses Gaddi 


1 Samuel_16

Scripture

1 Samuel 16:7

But the LORD said to Samuel, “Do not consider his appearance or his height, for I have rejected him. The LORD does not look at the things people look at. People look at the outward appearance, but the LORD looks at the heart.””

Observation-What does it say?

The Lord commanded Samuel to go to Bethlehem to anoint one of the sons of Jesse as the future king of Israel. When Samuel saw Eliab (one of Jesse’s sons), he thought he was surely going to be king. However, God told him not to look at the outward appearance, because God judges the heart. Seven sons were presented to Samuel, but none were who God had chosen. The one the Lord had chosen was David, who was Jesse’s youngest son. He was tending sheep! Totallyhistory.com said that David was between the age of 10 and 12 years old at the time. 

Understanding-What does it mean?

God has a different criteria when choosing people for service. It’s not usually the best of the best. Sometimes, it is the unlikely and unqualified by human standards, but then He equips, qualifies, and provides opportunities and they become the best of the best!

God chose David because he had a servant’s heart. He was tending sheep while the rest of his brothers were in line to be presented to Samuel! He wasn’t the strongest, biggest, fastest or even old enough at the time! I love how God orchestrated King David’s life in such a way that opportunities chased him down. He didn’t have to chase them down. People also spoke well of him without him having to promote himself. For example, in verse 18 when Saul was looking for someone to play the lyre to help him feel better from the evil spirit tormenting him, “One of the servants answered, “I have seen a son of Jesse of Bethlehem who knows how to play the lyre. He is a brave man and a warrior. He speaks well and is a fine-looking man. And the LORD is with him.”” 1 Samuel 16:18 NIV

God orchestrated all of that in David’s life and it started when he was still a young boy! 

Life Application

Pursue being a man or woman after God’s heart. Pursue a life of servanthood. 

Some people like the prestige of the title of a leader; however, in God’s Kingdom, leadership is synonymous with servanthood. God is not impressed by our education, skills, abilities or titles. When we see Him face to face, He will say “Well done, good and faithful SERVANT”, not well done good and faithful________(fill in a leadership title). Pastor Gary once told me that when God promotes us to a leadership role, it just means we have more people under us to serve! 

Dear Lord, we know that you don’t chose your leaders based on our strengths or skills, but based on our heart after You. I know that I wasn’t chosen based on my confidence of being qualified to carry out your work, but rather an everyday reliance and dependence on You and Your Holy Spirit. I admit that a life of obedience and servanthood is not always easy, but in Your strength, grace and by Your leading, all things are possible! I pray for anyone who is intimidated by serving in church ministry and who feel unqualified and not good enough or strong enough to do work for You and Your kingdom. Please eliminate that lie from the enemy and let them be encouraged through the story of how you chose young David. Also, may we be (or continue to be) obedient to the call, instead of dismiss it. Thank You for the opportunities You provide us to partner with You in ministry. Amen.

-Michelle Gaddi



1 Samuel_15

Scripture

1 Samuel 15:29 29
He who is the Glory of Israel does not lie or change his mind; for he is not a human being, that he should change his mind.

Observation

Saul was sent by God to destroy the Amalekites. He prepared and was successful…but did not complete the commission, sparing Agag and “the best of the sheep and cattle, the fat calves and lambs – everything that was good” (v9)…then came back and lied about it. “I have carried out the Lord’s instructions” (v13). Samuel, the same person who had initially told him of his anointment, called him out – on the animals that were spared and his mismanagement of the anointment and his disobedience. So begins Saul’s petition to be forgiven and to “come back with [him}, so that [he] may worship the Lord” (v24).

Understanding

Saul was disobedient and prideful – essentially using God’s anointing and his success as credit to his own name; however, he ultimately self-destructed. Then he says he’s ready to get right with God…but his anointing had already been stripped. God is forgiving, but his heart’s desire is to bring His children into relationship and He needs available people to move through. So He will forgive His children over and over…and over and over we can return to worship Him…but the anointing must pass to those available and willing to walk in it.

Life Application

God, may I be bold enough to walk in your gifting, walk in your anointing…do not let it pass over me. May I be available, may I be focused, may I be eyes-wide-open for God opportunities.

Rei

 

To check out the discussion or to join in click here.



1 Samuel_14

Scripture:  1 Samuel 14:6  Jonathan said to his young armor-bearer, “Come, let’s go over to the outpost of those uncircumcised men. Perhaps the Lord will act in our behalf. Nothing can hinder the Lord from saving, whether by many or by few.”

Observation-What does it say?  The people of Israel are surrounded by the Philistines.  Out numbered and without weapons, Saul is afraid to act.  Moreover, Samuel is not in the camp for Saul to seek advice from.  Jonathan, Saul’s son, goes up with his armor bearer to the camp of the Philistines with the fire of the Lord in his heart.  The two of them attack and kill twenty men.  What happens next is a miracle, a great confusion comes over the camp of the Philistines, who begin attacking each other.  Thus, the Lord delivered Israel that day, not by the strength of many, but by the great faith of a few.

Understanding-What does it mean?  I am not a great baseball fan.  I don’t have the fortitude to keep watching week after week for almost an entire year.  I love to watch baseball, but I am just not very loyal to the team.  But my favorite team in baseball has got to be the Angels of 2002.  I have always loved a good underdog team, unless I’m playing on that team of course.  The suspense of watching a group of guys who work as a team to beat the odds.  

The Angels of 2002 were exactly that, a group of guys who were not the best, but they worked the best together.  That year was the Angel’s first World Series championship in the team’s first 42 seasons, and their only one in 59 years.  Something that team had, which isn’t present in most, is trust.  There were no super stars on the team, but the team trusted each other to fulfill their role on the team.  They each had to let go of control.  

I heard a pastor once compare a life of faith to sky-diving.  You have to completely let go of what you know (the plane) to experience the adventure, and you have to place your trust in something that you can’t control.  Much like the Angels who had to place their trust in their team-mates, whom they have no control over.  While most of the time I feel more secure in God than a parachute, I tend to act like I have only as much faith in Him as I do a parachute.  And I have never been sky-diving.  

God works through our faith in mighty ways.  When we trust Him, he does mighty works.  Through faith, Jonathan killed twenty men.  Through faith, Elijah prayed and stopped the rain for more than three years (1 Kings 17).  By faith, Sarah gave birth well after her age. The list of things done by faith is too long to list here.

Life Application  Jesus, help me to grow in my faith.  Help me to allow you to work through me, instead of striving to do things for you.  Help me to know you in a deeper way (Psalm 46:10).  Mostly, help me to stop doing things out of pride.  

-Tyler Galloway



1 Samuel_13

Scripture

1 Samuel 13:11-12

“What have you done?” asked Samuel.

Saul replied, “When I saw that the men were scattering, and that you did not come at the set time, and that the Philistines were assembling at Mikmash, 12 I thought, ‘Now the Philistines will come down against me at Gilgal, and I have not sought the Lord’s favor.’ So I felt compelled to offer the burnt offering.”

Observation – What does it say?

Samuel didn’t show up as soon as Saul had hoped, in order to offer a burnt offering to God. This offering was to seek God’s blessing and favor for the battle they were about to engage in with the Philistines. Saul felt the pressure, as his troops began to abandon him, to take matters into his own hands and so he offered the burn offering himself instead of waiting for Samuel (which God commanded him to do). He obviously knew what he did was wrong because, when confronted by Samuel about it, he went on the defensive and listed all these reasons that he hoped would justify to Samuel his foolish decision. 

The consequences were most likely far worse than Saul could have ever imagined. That decision revealed Saul’s character, that he was a man who couldn’t be trusted to obey God’s command, and so his kingdom would be stripped from him and given to another.

Understanding – What does it mean?

In disobeying God, we will forfeit the great destiny God has made available to us.

David, the one God stripped the kingdom from Saul to give it to, was declared to be a man after God’s own heart. And as a result his kingdom was established forever, as Jesus came from the family line of David and is now forever enthroned in glory. Why was David considered a man after God’s own heart?

Acts 13:22 After removing Saul, he made David their king. God testified concerning him: ‘I have found David son of Jesse, a man after my own heart; he will do everything I want him to do.’

Because he would do everything God wanted him to do! God is looking for men and women who will do everything He wants them to do. Obedience to God, even in situations that don’t make sense or where we feel pressure to take matters into our own hands, is what will lead to God promoting us and using us in greater ways.

Life Application

Obey God even when it doesn’t make sense!

  • When it doesn’t look like I can pay my bills and also tithe, obey God and tithe!
  • When it doesn’t look like I can find a job with hours that will enable me to attend church, quit or turn down that job and trust God to provide another job that will!
  • When someone wounded me so deeply and I can’t imagine letting it go, obey God and forgive them!

When we take matters into our own hands, we forfeit our own God-given destiny and rob ourselves of the blessings God intends to pour out on us. So, God, please give us the strength and wisdom to obey even when it’s hard! Amen.

– Levi Thompson



Psalm 67

Scripture
 
Psalm ‭67:2-3‬ ‭
 
“May your ways be known throughout the earth, your saving power among people everywhere. May the nations praise you, O God. Yes, may all the nations praise you.”
 
Observation-What does it say?
 
The psalmist is writing a song that declares just how great and awesome God is. The psalmist yearns for the whole world to know God, to fear Him, and to praise Him. Then the world, and every nation living in it will be able to reap all of God’s blessings as God’s favor rests upon them.
 
Understanding-What does it mean?
 
One nation under God.
 
Are we a God fearing nation who gives God His due praise? Are we receiving the blessings that God yearns to give us because of our obedience to Him? Are we doing our part by letting God’s ways be known wherever we go?
 
It’s sad to say, but as a nation, (even some of us as individuals ), I’m afraid the answer to these questions are “No”. You turn on the news, you see the direction this world is going, and you just know this world desperately needs God now more than ever. Our own nation seems to be more divided now than it was during the civil rights movement in the 50’s and 60’s! You have schools teaching evolution and taking out basic Bible principles (the Ten Commandments) from its system. You have people who are confused about their own gender. You have people who are so easily offended by the word “God” and offended by billboards that have a Pastor holding a Bible. You have people who are so determined to push God out from our daily lives and then wonder why the world is the way it is. What’s wrong with these people?!
 
This psalm reminds me of how simple life can be if we all stand united under God. If we can be a God fearing people again. If we can let God back into our lives, homes, schools, and nation, God can restore order once again. If the world can turn from its wicked ways and follow God, we would see blessings poured out upon us that we can’t even imagine. If the world were to know God the way you and I do, they would be singing His praises, understanding His grace, mercy, and awesome power. Because to truly know God, is to love God. But the question is, “Will I do my part and let God’s ways be known?” Am I willing to share the gospel of Jesus Christ with others? Will I be part of the problem or part of the solution to bring the healing this world needs?
 
“Then if my people who are called by my name will humble themselves and pray and seek my face and turn from their wicked ways, I will hear from heaven and will forgive their sins and restore their land. My eyes will be open and my ears attentive to every prayer made in this place.”
2 Chronicles‬ ‭7:14-15‬ ‭‭‭‬‬
 
Life Application
 
We reap what we sow.
 
If I want to reap all the blessings and benefits that God wants to give, it’s gonna take some work. I’m going to have to be willing to “roll up my sleeves, and get my hands dirty”. I can’t depend on others to do the work for me. I’m going to have to “get in the game” and plant seeds in people’s lives, showing them the love of Jesus in tangible ways, then nurturing them with the Word of God to bring them life. Finally it’s going to take lots of prayer because it’s not I who can save them, but only Jesus. Then when it’s all said and done, I will look to see what blessings God has me reap from the sowing that was done. 😊 
 
-Moses Gaddi


1 Samuel_11

Scripture

“When Saul heard their words, the Spirit of God came powerfully upon him, and he burned with anger.”
‭‭1 Samuel‬ ‭11:6‬ ‭NIV‬‬

Observation– What does it say?

Samuel anointed Saul as king in the previous chapter and with God’s help, he “enjoys initial success, defeating the Ammonites in battle.” (Book of 1 Samuel, gotquestions.org). The interesting thing is that when the spirit of God came powerfully upon Saul, the first emotion he experienced to help him complete his mission was anger.

Understanding– What does it mean?

Be angry about what matters, not about what doesn’t matter.

After the Spirit of God came powerfully upon Saul, he became angry. That anger is what God used to make the terror of the Lord evident to the people and unite them to complete their mission of conquering and defeating the Ammonites.

Anger is not an unrighteous emotion. Sometimes, it’s necessary, such as being so angry with sin and the consequences of sin that we want to turn our lives around or being angry with injustice towards innocent people.
But, anger focused on the wrong things will lead to sin and give the devil a foothold, as it’s fruits are bitterness, dissension, gossip and murder. It will hinder the mission of Christ. It will break up relationships, homes and fellowship. It will dim our light in this darkened world and cheapen our witness. Unlike the anger in this chapter that caused unity, anger that is not of the Lord will lead to division towards the mission.

Life Application
 
Be angry, but do not sin.

““In your anger do not sin”: Do not let the sun go down while you are still angry, and do not give the devil a foothold.”
‭‭Ephesians‬ ‭4:26-27‬ ‭NIV‬‬

“But I tell you, love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, that you may be children of your Father in heaven. He causes his sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous. If you love those who love you, what reward will you get? Are not even the tax collectors doing that? And if you greet only your own people, what are you doing more than others? Do not even pagans do that?”
‭‭Matthew‬ ‭5:44-47‬ ‭NIV‬‬

“Therefore, as God’s chosen people, holy and dearly loved, clothe yourselves with compassion, kindness, humility, gentleness and patience. Bear with each other and forgive one another if any of you has a grievance against someone. Forgive as the Lord forgave you. And over all these virtues put on love, which binds them all together in perfect unity.”
‭‭Colossians‬ ‭3:12-14‬ ‭NIV‬‬

“Humble yourselves before the Lord, and he will lift you up. Brothers and sisters, do not slander one another. Anyone who speaks against a brother or sister or judges them speaks against the law and judges it. When you judge the law, you are not keeping it, but sitting in judgment on it.”
‭‭James‬ ‭4:10-11‬ ‭NIV‬‬

““You have heard that it was said to the people long ago, ‘You shall not murder, and anyone who murders will be subject to judgment.’ But I tell you that anyone who is angry with a brother or sister will be subject to judgment. Again, anyone who says to a brother or sister, ‘ Raca,’ is answerable to the court. And anyone who says, ‘You fool!’ will be in danger of the fire of hell. “Therefore, if you are offering your gift at the altar and there remember that your brother or sister has something against you, leave your gift there in front of the altar. First go and be reconciled to them; then come and offer your gift.”
‭‭Matthew‬ ‭5:21-24‬ ‭NIV‬‬

Pastor Gary spoke on Sunday about being committed to the fellowship…being committed to one another. One of the ways we do that is by dealing with the conflict and forgiving and reconciling quickly, so that the devil doesn’t have a foothold and we are able to get back to the mission the Lord has called us to be united in, which is multiplying Christ followers everywhere and making disciples of all nations by being His witnesses.

Dear Lord, I pray that You would humble all of our hearts towards You and our brothers and sisters in Christ. I pray that pride, envy, and/or anger would not take root among our family at DSC, and that it would start with me. May we  be angry instead with sin and other things that break your heart. We pray for a reconciling heart and spirit of unity in order to be fueled to accomplish Your mission of furthering Your Kingdom. Amen.

-Michelle Gaddi


1 Samuel_10

Scripture

1 Samuel 10:6-7
6 The Spirit of the Lord will come powerfully upon you, and you will prophesy with them; and you will be changed into a different person. 7Once these signs are fulfilled, do whatever your hand finds to do, for God is with you.

Observation

In verse 1, Samuel anoints Saul (a physical representation of what was being done spiritually within), kissed him (showing his support of him), and reminded him of his calling (commander of His inheritance, His people). Samuel then goes on to share with Saul the things that will happen next, all signs to confirm the anointing as king and what God had done (verses 2-7).

Understanding

The Holy Spirit was at work and moving. Though Saul had been physically anointed (vs 1), when the Spirit of the Lord comes upon him in verse 6, that is the true anointing. That’s when the change occurred – “changed into a different person.” For Saul to be used to the fullest, he had to be turned into another man by the filling of the Spirit…all of these things were confirmation of God’s anointing.

Once these signs were fulfilled (verse 7), Saul was cleared, approved, commanded to do whatever his hands found to do, “for God is with you.”

Life Application

When the Spirit is present, things (people, places, circumstances) are changed.

Note, though, that even though God had called Saul, there was work to be done. Saul had to make himself available, be obedient to both God and Samuel (spiritual leadership) and be willing to be changed to be used.

God, I want to be in that place of “doing whatever [my] hands find to do,” knowing that you are with me. Because the life I want for myself and my kids is a life full of YOU – seeing you tangibly and miraculously at work. Guide those desires, though, that they would be centered around seeking Your face, not just Your hands – seeking You, not just your blessings. May I be obedient, hungry, focused, disciplined, willing to be made new in You…and may I be used, today, by You.

Rei

 

To check out the discussion or to join in click here.



1 Samuel_9

Scripture  1 Samuel 9:21 Saul answered, “But am I not a Benjamite, from the smallest tribe of Israel, and is not my clan the least of all the clans of the tribe of Benjamin? Why do you say such a thing to me?”

Observation-What does it say?  An unlikely turn of events, the loss of a few donkeys, leads Saul to meet with Samuel.  God had already given Samuel a vision of Saul, who would become the king of Israel.  As Samuel tells Saul that he is favored by God, he is surprised and expresses that he doesn’t feel worthy, since he is from the smallest family in the nation.  This goes to further demonstrate one theme of 1 Samuel, that God raises the powerless to promote his kingdom (2:8).  God using the powerless is further example that His kingdom is not of this world.

Understanding-What does it mean?  I started high school a little larger than the average kid, already about 6’1” but rail thin weighing in at only about 135 pounds.  And despite my normally even temperament, I had a mean competitive side of me and a little too much pride.  Taking up running, I found something that helped me in a lot of different areas in my life, including finding the focus I needed in my studies.  The little bit of natural success I found in the sport didn’t help my pride at all.  I remember thinking that I could beat just about anyone with the right amount of effort.  

Then one day, while running my best event, the 800 meter, I was astonished to see this little figure beside me.  Jameson Mora was only about 4’11” and weighed bout 95 pounds, but his stride was as big as mine and he was moving passed me.  It was as if he took a pin to my balloon of a head.   Pppsssssttt!  Jameson looked odd running to me.  He worked harder than anyone else, and you could see it in his face and the way he got every little bit of distance out of a stride that was too long for his little body. 

When we look at God’s story and the redemption of man, we see something similar.  He is continually showing us His power through the smallest, weakest and most unexpected things.  God is constantly using things that don’s make sense to us.  He saved the world with a crazy man and a boat (when it had never rained), birthed a nation through a couple that was too old, used a man that was supposed to die as an infant to lead a bunch of slaves out of Egypt.  God made it rain bread, and caused water to come from a rock.  He made three men completely fireproof.  He brought the message of Christ to Gentiles through a man who is guilty of murdering Christians.  

God tells us, my ways are not his (Isaiah 55:8-9), that in His kingdom the last will be first (Matthew 20:16), He uses the foolish things to shame the wise (1 Corinthians 1:26-31), and His kingdom was built on a stone rejected by builders (1 Peter 2:4-10).  God doesn’t call us to be perfect, but through His power we are made perfect.  He is the one who completes His work in us.  When we are small, He makes us great, and even makes us run a little faster than we think possible.

Life Application  When I feel worthless, and incapable of doing the good you have called me to, allow me to lean on Your words.  For you are my maker, you know my inside and out, you know every hair on my head and every freckle on my back.  You lift me up to do good works, and give me the strength to carry on.  I will trust in you, the maker of heaven and earth, my rock and fortress.  When life seems too big, I will hide in the shelter of your wings.       

-Tyler Galloway